For 250 years, humans have been burning coal, oil and gas for energy. The exploitation of fossil fuels made the industrial revolution possible and has been providing us with continuous economic growth and technological progress. Nowadays CO2 emissions are increasing dramatically. In just 250 years -- a very short period compared to earth’s history -- humans have increased the quantity of CO2 in the atmosphere by around 40%.
Our prototype is integrated with Node MCU, DHT11 sensor for gauging temperature as well as humidity and MG811 sensor for sensing CO2. MG811 senses up to 10000ppm of CO2. The device is set up in huge traffic areas. Node MCU is set up where there is network connectivity as it has a built-in ESP8266 Wi-Fi module and LoRaWAN is set up where there is no network connectivity and it has a wide range up to more than 10Kms. All the data are sent to the server part to take appropriate actions and also displayed in the dashboard to give an alert and awareness to the public.
We'll be using AES128 encryption for cyber security:
AES-128 uses a 128-bit key length to encrypt and decrypt a block of messages. AES-192 uses a 192-bit key length to encrypt and decrypt a block of messages. AES-256 uses a 256-bit key length to encrypt and decrypt a block of messages Which helps us to protect our monitored data from hackers.
Artificial intelligence (AI):
We can use AI-powered data engineering to automatically track emissions throughout their carbon footprint. The function of AI in this monitoring CO2 emission is that as the large group of individuals emits co2. the emission per head will be monitored in both community and cooperate sectors. These have been sent to the server system and from that it has to be sent to the dashboard in the form of graph and the co2 levels will be displayed through dash board in traffic areas and the amount of co2 emitted per person will be notified through an app.AI also works 24/7 which it monitors the co2 all time and controlling the sends the data and warning to the respective IP addresses .
Reducing Carbon emission:(proposed solution)
To reduce the rate of CO2 emissions we can attach the device which senses CO2 in a person’s automobiles and bikes and by calculating the rate of emission of CO2 per person, the person will be paying tax if the measured value exceeds the present gauge value regular period.
Go Green:- Trees help us to reduce the effects of climate change. During one year, a mature Oak tree will absorb more than 48 pounds of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and release oxygen in exchange. Nearly 20 pounds of carbon dioxide are produced from burning one gallon of non-ethanol gasoline. Oak trees are one of many carbon sequestering trees. They sequester this carbon dioxide by storing it in their trunks, branches, leaves and roots .The benefit of oak tree: Oak trees improve air quality by storing carbon dioxide and exhaling oxygen through the process of photosynthesis. The leaves of an oak tree absorb airborne pollutants.
Teak is a tropical hardwood species. In its lifetime, a teak tree with a girth of 10-30 cm can absorb 3.70 lakh tonnes of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
The initial spacing of teak plantations varies (1.8×1.8 to 4×4 m) depending on many factors such as site quality, cost of establishment, thinning regime, small wood utilization, and planting system.
So the proposal idea is to plant teak and oak trees in industrial areas, highways, drainage basins, unused lands and so on.